This 1955 DH-112 Mk.1 Venom, Serial Number J1616, is
an ex-Swiss Air Force model owned by Venom Jet Enterprises of Onterio, Oregon, USA. Photo
courtesy of Richard
History: With the Cold War entering its
formative phase, there was a need for a new fighter-bomber that was faster and more agile,
and therefore harder to destroy, than the deHavilland Vampire then in service. The
deHavilland DH 112 Venom fighter-bomber was the solution. It was
first flown on September 2, 1949, and entered service three years later in August of 1952
as the Venom FB.Mk I.
Designed to take advantage of the new powerful deHavilland
Ghost 103 turbojet engine, the DH 112 was faster and more maneuverable than its
predecessor, the DH 100 Vampire. While the Venom and Vampire looked very similar, the
Venom had a thinner wing with a straight trailing edge and provision for jettisonable
wingtip fuel tanks. During production, the DH 112 was further upgraded with an even more
powerful Ghost 105 turbojet engine.
The DH 112 equipped 19 squadrons of the Royal Air Force,
serving in Germany, India and the Far East. It was also used to equip No. 14 Squadron of
the Royal New Zealand Air Force. Switzerland became the most prolific user of the DH 112.
Securing a license to manufacture the Venom, the Swiss retooled their Vampire production
lines and built 150 DH 112 Venoms in 1953. A further 100 DH 112s were completed by 1957.
Switzerland used the DH 112 until the mid-1980s, when it was replaced by the F-5. The
Swiss DH 112s operated from airfields high in the Alps, where their agility was invaluable
in ensuring safe flights into and out of mountain valleys. deHavilland also produced a
two-seat night fighter version of the DH 112 (NF.Mk 2) to
replace the night fighting NF.Mk 10 Vampire. This night-fighting Venom served with the RAF
from 1953 until 1957, and was also used by Iraq, Venezuela and Sweden.
Another major variant of the DH 112 was the FW.Mk
20 and FW.Mk 21 Sea Venom. This was a navalized,
all-weather version of the DH 112 produced for Britains Fleet Air Arm. The Sea Venom
also served with the Royal Australian Navy. It had a strengthened undercarriage, an
arrester hook for landing on aircraft carriers, and folding wings. The Fleet Air Arm
ordered 217 Sea Venoms. A French license-built version was called the Aquilon
Today, at least 20 Venoms and a single Sea Venom are still
flying as warbirds throughout the United States, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Australia
and New Zealand.
Specifications (FB.Mk 4):
Engine: One 5,150-pound thrust D.H. Ghost 105 turbojet engine
Weight: Empty 9,202 lbs., Max
Takeoff 15,310 lbs.
Wing Span: 41ft. 8in.
Length: 33ft. 0in.
Height: 6ft. 8in.
air-to-air missiles, or two 1,000-pound bombs, or eight rockets
Number Built: ~835
Number Still Airworthy: At least 20.
DeHavilland Aviation, Ltd., Bournemouth Int'l
Airport, Hurn, UK
Sea Venom XG629 Restoration
Venom/MiG-17 Jet Acro, Inc. (Airshow team)
de Havilland Twin Booms: Vampire, Venom and Sea Vixen
By Adrian Balch
Paperback, 112 pages
Published 2002 by Airlife Publishing, Ltd.
close-up look at three distinct designs in the deHavilland jet line.
Price $13.27 (Save 30% off list price!)
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