near-exact replica of the Fw 190, registered NX190RF, is one of several that
have appeared on the warbird circuit in the past few years.
Photo by Buck Wyndham
Brief History: The Fw 190 is widely regarded
as Germany's best fighter aircraft of World War II. Its appearance in the skies over
France in early 1941 was a rude shock to the Allies, as it was clearly superior to any
other plane. For nearly a year, until the debut of the Spitfire IX, the Fw 190 was the
unmatched champion of the air war.
As the war progressed, the Fw 190 was developed into many
variants as a pure fighter, a ground-attack fighter/bomber, and as a close-support
aircraft. No fewer than 40 different versions were produced, with different combinations
of engines, armament, wings, systems, and roles.
First flown on 1 June 1939, the Fw 190 served for the
duration of the war, largely replacing several other aircraft types in the process,
including the Junker Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber. Allied bombers dreaded the sight of these
potent aircraft, as did the fighters who provided cover for them. Arguably, the Fw 190's
greatest impact on the Allied war effort was to spur ever-greater advances in technology
and aircraft design to counter its threat.
Nicknames: Butcher Bird; Dora;
Kangaroo (Fw 190 V18/U1 variant)
Specifications (Fw 190A-8):
Engine: One 2,100-hp BMW 801D-2 radial piston engine
Weight: Empty 6,989 lbs., Max
Takeoff 10,802 lbs.
Wing Span: 34ft. 5.5in.
Length: 29ft. 1.5in.
Height: 13ft. 0in.
Range: 500 miles
(0.31-inch) machine guns in nose.
Up to four 20-mm
MG 151 guns in wings.
Wide range of
underwing and under-fuselage bombs, guns and rockets.
Number Built: 20,051 (All
Number Still Airworthy: One,
and several more are under active restoration to flight status. In addition,
several high-quality replicas (Fw 190A8/Ns) have recently been produced by
Flukwerk GmbH in Bavaria.
Bookie's Fw 190 Site -- Very
comprehensive history site.
Flug Werke GmbH -- New FW 190s!
Foundation -- Home of an airworthy Fw 190.
White One Foundation -- Two Fw 190s being
restored to airworthy condition.
WWII Fighter Aircraft
Foundation Fw 190 D-9 -- Another Fw 190 being restored to airworthy
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