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Fighter / Attack:
   Bell P-39 Airacobra
   Bell P-63 Kingcobra
   Brewster Buffalo
   Chance-Vought F-4U Corsair
   Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
   Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
   Douglas A-1 Skyraider
   Douglas A-26 Invader
   Douglas SBD Dauntless
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   Grumman F4F Wildcat
   Grumman F6F Hellcat
   Grumman F7F Tigercat
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   Grumman TBF Avenger
   Hawker Hurricane
   Hawker Sea Fury
   Lockheed P-38 Lightning
   Messerschmitt Bf-109
   Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen
   North American P-51 Mustang

   Polikarpov I-16
   Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
   Supermarine Spitfire
   Yakovlev Yak-3
   Yakovlev Yak-9

Beechcraft AT-11 Kansan (C-45)
   Beechcraft T-34 Mentor
   Boeing / Stearman PT-17

   Commonwealth CA-25 Winjeel
   Commonwealth CA-1 Wirraway
   DeHavilland DHC-1 Chipmunk
   DeHavilland DH-82 Tiger Moth
   Fairchild PT-19 Cornell
   Hunting / Percival Provost
   Meyers OTW
   Nanchang CJ-6
   Naval Aircraft Factory N3N
   N. Am. BT-9 / BT-14 / Yale
   N. Am. T-6 Texan / SNJ / Harvard
   N. American T-28 Trojan

   Piaggio P149
   Ryan PT-22 Recruit

   Scottish Aviation T1 Bulldog
   Vultee BT-13 Valiant
   Yakovlev Yak-11
   Yakovlev Yak-18
   Yakovlev Yak-52

   Avro Lancaster
   Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
   Boeing B-29 Superfortress
   Bristol Blenheim / Bolingbroke
   Consolidated B-24 Liberator
   Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer

   Douglas A-3 Skywarrior
   DeHavilland Mosquito
   Fairey Swordfish
   Heinkel He-111 / Casa 2.111

   Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon / Ventura
   Martin B-26 Marauder
   North American B-25 Mitchell

   Beechcraft C-45 (AT-11)

   Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter (KC-97)
   Curtiss C-46 Commando
   Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota
   Douglas C-54 Skymaster

   Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar
   Fairchild C-123 Provider
   Grumman C-1 Trader (S-2)
   Lockheed C-60 Lodestar
   Lockheed C-69 Constellation

Utility / Observation / Special Duty:
   Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper
   Aeronca L-16 Grasshopper
   Antonov AN-2 Colt
   Auster AOP 6/9
   Avro 652 Anson
   Avro Shackleton
   British Taylorcraft I-V
   Cessna L-19 / O-1 Bird Dog
   Cessna O-2 Super Skymaster
   Cessna T-50 / UC-78 Bobcat
   Consolidated PBY Catalina

   DeHavilland U-6A / L-20 Beaver
   Fairey Gannet
   Fairey Swordfish
   Fieseler Fi156 Storch
   Grumman S-2 Tracker (C-1)
   Grumman HU-16 Albatross
   Grumman OV-1 Mohawk
   Junkers Ju 52/3m

   Lockheed P2V Neptune
   Max Holste M.H.1521 Broussard
   Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun

   Noorduyn UC-64 Norseman
   North American L-17 Navion
   N. Am./ Rockwell OV-10 Bronco
   Piper L-4 Grasshopper
   Stinson L-5 Sentinel
   Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper
   Westland Lysander

   Aero L-29 Delfin
   Aero L-39 Albatros
   Aermacchi MB-326
   Avro Vulcan
   BAC Strikemaster
   Blackburn (BAC) Buccaneer
   Canadair Tutor
   Cessna A-37 Dragonfly
   DeHavilland Vampire
   DeHavilland Venom
   English Electric Canberra
   English Electric Lightning
   Folland Gnat
   Fouga CM-170 Magister
   Gloster Meteor
   Grumman F9F Panther
   Hawker Hunter
   Hispano HA-200 Saeta
   Hunting Jet Provost
   Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
   Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star
   McDonnell-Douglas A-4 Skyhawk
   McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom
   Messerschmitt Me-262
   Mikoyan MiG-15
   Mikoyan MiG-17
   Mikoyan MiG-21
   N. Am. F-86 Sabre / FJ-4 Fury
   N. Am. F-100 Super Sabre
   N. Am. / Rockwell T-2 Buckeye
   Northrop T-38 Talon / F-5
   PZL / WSK TS-11 Iskra
   Saab J35 Draken
   Soko G-2A Galeb
   Temco Pinto & Super Pinto

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Temco TT-1 Pinto

(Variants/Other Names: Super Pinto)

Temco TT-1 Super Pinto N13PJ, operated by the World Heritage Air Museum.
Photo by Buck Wyndham

History: The United States Air Force issued a requirement in 1952 for a jet-powered primary trainer, and Texas Engineering and Manufacturing Company (Temco) responded with a design it labeled the Model 51 "Pinto." Powered by a Continental J69-T-9 turbojet, the Pinto was a tricycle-geared mid-wing cantilever monoplane, with tandem seating for the instructor and student in an enclosed cockpit.

First flown in March of 1956, the prototype was tested by the U. S. Navy, which subsequently ordered 14 of the aircraft under the designation TT-1, to study the feasibility of using jet aircraft for primary training. No additional TT-1 Pinto aircraft were manufactured.

With the single Continental engine, the aircraft's performance capabilities included a maximum airspeed of 345 mph, a service ceiling of 32,200 ft. and a sea-level endurance of 1 hour, 30 minutes.

Also under development in response to the 1952 Air Force requirement was the Cessna T-37, a primary jet trainer powered by two Continental J69-T-9 turbojets, instead of the Pinto's one. That aircraft was accepted by the Air Force, with two prototypes being ordered, the first of which flew in October of 1954.

Thus, in a situation where Temco appears to have entered the competition with too little, too late, the TT-1 Pinto had a very limited life.

Of the original Pintos, at least seven have passed on to civilian hands and at least four have been modified into Super Pintos by the replacement of the original engine with a 2,850-pound thrust J-85/CJ610 engine, and an increase in fuel capacity to 196 US gallons. This extraordinary thrust increase resulted in a cruise speed of 400 mph, a top speed of 550 mph, a rate of climb of 10,000 feet per minute, and a minimum (lightweight) takeoff roll of only 500 feet, making it one of the world's ultimate aerial sports-cars.

Nicknames: Tinker Toy

        Engine: One 930-pound thrust Continental J69-T-9 turbojet
        Max Takeoff Weight: 4,325 lbs.
        Wing Span: 30ft. 0in.
        Length: 30ft. 9.25in.
        Height: 10ft. 10.75in.
            Maximum Speed: 345 mph
            Ceiling: 32,200 ft.
            Range: 450 miles
        Armament: None

Number Built: 14

Number Still Airworthy: Seven (at least 4 of which are Super Pintos)

  [ Flight Report by Budd Davisson ]

Cockpit Photo (Super Pinto N4229)

(Click for larger)

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