(Variants/Other Names: Douglas B-26
Invader -- Do not confuse with Martin B-26 Marauder.
Also JD-1, UB-26, CB-26, DB-26, TB-26, FA-26, RB-26, EB-26, VB-26. Numerous civilian
variants -- see History below.)
This A-26, named "Lady Liberty" (N9682C),
is operated by the Commemorative Air Force.
Image by Max Haynes - MaxAir2Air.com.
History: The A-26, the last
aircraft designated as an "attack bomber," was designed to replace the Douglas
A-20 Havoc/Boston. It incorporated many improvements over the earlier Douglas designs. The
first three XA-26 prototypes first flew in July 1942, and each
was configured differently: Number One as a daylight bomber with a glass nose, Number Two
as a gun-laden night-fighter, and Number Three as a ground-attack platform, with a
75-millimeter cannon in the nose. This final variant, eventually called the A-26B,
was chosen for production.
Upon its delivery to the 9th Air Force in Europe
in November 1944 (and the Pacific Theater shortly thereafter), the A-26 became the fastest
US bomber of WWII. The A-26C, with slightly-modified armament,
was introduced in 1945. The A-26s combat career was cut short by the end of the war, and
because no other use could be found for them, many A-26s were converted to JD-1
target tugs for the US Navy.
A strange aircraft-designation swap occurred in
1948, when the Martin B-26 Marauder was deactivated and the Douglas A-26 was re-designated
the B-26. (It kept this designation until 1962.) B-26s went on
to serve extensively in both the Korean and Vietnam wars. In Vietnam, they were commonly
used in the Counter-Insurgency (COIN) role, with very heavy armament and extra power. This
version, the B-26K, was based in Thailand and was, to confuse
things further, called the A-26 for political reasons. B-26s
were also used for training, VIP transport, cargo, night reconnaissance, missile guidance
and tracking, and as drone-control platforms.
Post-war uses of the airplane included luxurious
executive transport (Smith Tempo I; Tempo II and Biscayne
26; LAS Super-26; Berry Silver-Sixty; Monarch-26;
On-Mark Marketeer/Marksman), aerial surveying and, most notably,
firefighting, a role in which it is still occasionally used today.
Engines: Two 2000hp Pratt & Whitney R-2800-79 radial piston
Weight: Empty 22,370 lbs., Maximum Takeoff 35,000 lbs.
Wing Span: 70ft. 0in.
Length: 50ft. 9in.
Height: 18ft. 6in.
Maximum Speed at 15,000 ft: 355 mph
Ceiling: 22,100 ft
Range: 1,400 miles
Six 12.7mm (0.5 in.) machine guns in
Two 12.7mm (0.5 in.) machine guns each
in ventral and dorsal turrets
6000 lbs. of bombs
Eight 127mm (5-inch) rockets
Number Built: 2,446
Number Still Airworthy:
-- A website documenting the restoration of the only flyable "K"-model A-26.
N119DR -- An A-26 at Gillespie Field, San Diego, California, USA.
A-26 Parts Available
Pilot Training Manual for A-26 on
Zeno's Drive In Video: Invader
[More A-26 Photos]
Douglas A-26 Invader (Warbird
Tech, Vol. 22)
by Frederick A. Johnsen
Paperback, 100 pages
Published 1999 by Specialty Press Publishers
A technical look at the strengths and weaknesses of the A-26 Invader through
technical manual excerpts, cutaway diagrams, photos and more.
[ We have more books about the A-26 Invader! ]
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