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Fighter / Attack:
   Bell P-39 Airacobra
   Bell P-63 Kingcobra
   Brewster Buffalo
   Chance-Vought F-4U Corsair
   Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
   Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
   Douglas A-1 Skyraider
   Douglas A-26 Invader
   Douglas SBD Dauntless
   Fairey Firefly
   Focke-Wulf Fw 190
   Grumman F4F Wildcat
   Grumman F6F Hellcat
   Grumman F7F Tigercat
   Grumman F8F Bearcat
   Grumman TBF Avenger
   Hawker Hurricane
   Hawker Sea Fury
   Lockheed P-38 Lightning
   Messerschmitt Bf-109
   Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen
   North American P-51 Mustang

   Polikarpov I-16
   Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
   Supermarine Spitfire
   Yakovlev Yak-3
   Yakovlev Yak-9


Trainers:
  
Beechcraft AT-11 Kansan (C-45)
   Beechcraft T-34 Mentor
   Boeing / Stearman PT-17

   Commonwealth CA-25 Winjeel
   Commonwealth CA-1 Wirraway
   DeHavilland DHC-1 Chipmunk
   DeHavilland DH-82 Tiger Moth
   Fairchild PT-19 Cornell
   Hunting / Percival Provost
   Meyers OTW
   Nanchang CJ-6
   Naval Aircraft Factory N3N
   N. Am. BT-9 / BT-14 / Yale
   N. Am. T-6 Texan / SNJ / Harvard
   N. American T-28 Trojan

   Piaggio P149
   Ryan PT-22 Recruit

   Scottish Aviation T1 Bulldog
   Vultee BT-13 Valiant
   Yakovlev Yak-11
   Yakovlev Yak-18
   Yakovlev Yak-52


Bombers:
   Avro Lancaster
   Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
   Boeing B-29 Superfortress
   Bristol Blenheim / Bolingbroke
   Consolidated B-24 Liberator
   Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer

   Douglas A-3 Skywarrior
   DeHavilland Mosquito
   Fairey Swordfish
   Heinkel He-111 / Casa 2.111

   Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon / Ventura
   Martin B-26 Marauder
   North American B-25 Mitchell


Transports:
   Beechcraft C-45 (AT-11)

   Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter (KC-97)
   Curtiss C-46 Commando
   Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota
   Douglas C-54 Skymaster

   Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar
   Fairchild C-123 Provider
   Grumman C-1 Trader (S-2)
   Lockheed C-60 Lodestar
   Lockheed C-69 Constellation


Utility / Observation / Special Duty:
   Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper
   Aeronca L-16 Grasshopper
   Antonov AN-2 Colt
   Auster AOP 6/9
   Avro 652 Anson
   Avro Shackleton
   British Taylorcraft I-V
   Cessna L-19 / O-1 Bird Dog
   Cessna O-2 Super Skymaster
   Cessna T-50 / UC-78 Bobcat
   Consolidated PBY Catalina

   DeHavilland U-6A / L-20 Beaver
   Fairey Gannet
   Fairey Swordfish
   Fieseler Fi156 Storch
   Grumman S-2 Tracker (C-1)
   Grumman HU-16 Albatross
   Grumman OV-1 Mohawk
   Junkers Ju 52/3m

   Lockheed P2V Neptune
   Max Holste M.H.1521 Broussard
   Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun

   Noorduyn UC-64 Norseman
   North American L-17 Navion
   N. Am./ Rockwell OV-10 Bronco
   Piper L-4 Grasshopper
   Stinson L-5 Sentinel
   Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper
   Westland Lysander


Jets:
   Aero L-29 Delfin
   Aero L-39 Albatros
   Aermacchi MB-326
   Avro Vulcan
   BAC Strikemaster
   Blackburn (BAC) Buccaneer
   Canadair Tutor
   Cessna A-37 Dragonfly
   DeHavilland Vampire
   DeHavilland Venom
   English Electric Canberra
   English Electric Lightning
   Folland Gnat
   Fouga CM-170 Magister
   Gloster Meteor
   Grumman F9F Panther
   Hawker Hunter
   Hispano HA-200 Saeta
   Hunting Jet Provost
   Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
   Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star
   McDonnell-Douglas A-4 Skyhawk
   McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom
   Messerschmitt Me-262
   Mikoyan MiG-15
   Mikoyan MiG-17
   Mikoyan MiG-21
   N. Am. F-86 Sabre / FJ-4 Fury
   N. Am. F-100 Super Sabre
   N. Am. / Rockwell T-2 Buckeye
   Northrop T-38 Talon / F-5
   PZL / WSK TS-11 Iskra
   Saab J35 Draken
   Soko G-2A Galeb
   Temco Pinto & Super Pinto


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Saab J35 Draken

(Variants/Other Names: See History below.)

Saab Draken
A J35 Draken sponsored by a Saab auto dealer in Sacramento, California taxies for takeoff at Reno, Nevada, USA, in September, 2003.
Photo by C.F. Smith

History: In 1949, Saab designers began work on a new supersonic, all-weather, single-seat fighter for the Swedish air force. Designer Erik Bratt came up with a unique double delta shape that offered an aerodynamic package along with structural stability. The double delta shape means that the wing is comprised of two different wing sections with different sweep angles. The inner wing, with an 80-degree angle, is optimized for high-speed performance, while the outer wing, with a 60-degree angle, is optimized for low-speed performance. The design also featured fully-powered controls, a combination of external and integral fuel tanks, and retractable tricycle landing gear that was complemented by two retractable tail wheels. This feature allowed a tail-down landing, which made good use of the aerodynamic braking effect of the wing. The Draken is capable of short takeoffs and landings, which meant that it could be stationed at small airfields.

The first Saab-35 prototype featured a Rolls-Royce Avon turbojet engine. It was flown on 25 October 1955, and the J 35A Draken ("dragon") began entry into the service in March 1960. The series-built aircraft used Volvo Flygmotor RM6B turbojets, which were license-built versions of the Rolls-Royce engine. Saab exported the plane to Denmark, Finland and Austria, where they were used as trainers, fighters and tactical reconnaissance planes. Finland also manufactured the Draken for a short time: twelve planes were built at the Valmet factory. The plane also was offered unsuccessfully to the Swiss air force, and Venezuela and Singapore were reportedly interested in purchasing the Draken, although no sales were made to these countries.

Major production variants included the J 35A, the first production version; the Sk35C, a two-seat operational trainer without combat capability; the J 35D, an improved production version with a more powerful engine, advanced avionics and a zero-zero ejection seat; the S 35E, a tactical reconnaissance version with five cameras in the nose and cameras in one or both cannon bays; and the J 35F, the final production version with more advanced avionics and equipped to carry Hughes Falcon missiles instead of Sidewinders.

Although Sweden has replaced the Draken with the Saab 37 Viggen, the plane remained in active service for almost 40 years after its introduction, and it is still being used as a military aircraft in Austria. Production ceased in 1974. The Draken, Europe’s first supersonic combat aircraft, now is used as a high-speed test aircraft for NASA and other U.S. governmental agencies. At least one has been flown as a privately-owned warbird, and was often seen on an American TV advertisement for Miller beer.  [History by Julie Rach]

Nicknames: Dragon

Specifications (J 35F):
        Engine: One 17,262-pound thrust afterburning Flygmotor RM6C turbojet (license-built Rolls-Royce Avon 300)
        Weight: Empty 16,369 lbs., Max Takeoff 27,998 lbs.
        Wing Span: 30ft. 10in.
        Length: 50ft. 4.5in.
        Height: 12ft. 9in.
        Performance:
            Maximum Speed at 36,000 ft: 1,320 mph (Mach 2)
            Ceiling: 65,615 ft.
            Range: ~750 miles
        Armament:
            One 30-mm Aden M/55 cannon in starboard wing
            Two RB 27 missiles
            Two RB 28 Missiles
            Up to 2,205 pounds of bombs or 12 135-mm (5.3-inch) Bofors rockets

Number Built: 606

Number Still Airworthy: Active Military: Unknown.  Civilian Operated: At least 5.

Links:
AeroGroup, Inc., Jacksonville, Florida, USA -- Draken available for contract training, testing and movie work.
Desert Drakens at Inyokern, California
Draken Page
Draken Photos at "Austrian Fighter Selection" SIte (in German)
Draken Team Karup
Flight Research, Inc. Draken Page
Saab 35 Draken History Page

 


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All text and photos Copyright 2006 The Doublestar Group, unless otherwise noted.
You may use this page for your own, non-commercial reference purposes only.


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